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What are the performance characteristics of 434 stainless steel?

2023-11-17 11:19:39
What are the performance characteristics of 434 stainless steel?

434 ferritic stainless steel is a stainless steel with a chromium content between 12% and 30%. As the chromium content increases, its corrosion resistance, toughness and weldability improve. It has better resistance to chloride stress corrosion than other types of stainless steel. 434 steel (18Cr-1Mo) is an improved steel type of 430 steel. Compared with 430 steel, it is more resistant to salt and is often used in automobile exterior decoration materials.

Machinability of 434 stainless steel:
434 stainless steel performs well in terms of machinability and can be used with all standard machining procedures.
It has good cutting performance and can perform conventional processing operations such as cutting, drilling, milling, and turning. In addition, its weldability is also very good and can be used for conventional welding operations. Of course, like any other material, before machining, it is still necessary to select the appropriate tool, tool material and processing parameters according to the specific situation to ensure the best processing results.

Forming of 434 stainless steel:
434 stainless steel has excellent formability and is suitable for a variety of blanking, shearing and drawing operations. Due to its high ductility, it can successfully form complex shapes under stress without excessive deformation or cracking. This makes 434 stainless steel widely used in the manufacture of metal parts, containers, pipes and other products with high shape requirements.
Appropriate process parameters and equipment are also very important when performing molding operations to ensure a high-quality molded product
434 stainless steel
Welding of 434 stainless steel:
434 stainless steel can be joined using common welding techniques. Common methods include arc welding, argon arc welding, and plasma arc welding. Before proceeding with soldering, make sure the surfaces to be joined are clean and free of any impurities and oxides.
After welding is completed, it is recommended to thoroughly clean the weld to remove oxides and other contaminants produced by welding, which will help improve the corrosion resistance of 434 stainless steel. Appropriate welding materials and process parameters should be selected to ensure welding quality and strength.

Annealing of 434 stainless steel:
When 434 stainless steel is soaked and annealed, the most suitable temperature range is 788°C to 872°C (1450°F to 1600°F). The purpose of soaking annealing is to eliminate stress in the material and improve the uniformity of the grains.
This process can be accomplished by heating 434 stainless steel to the annealing temperature and maintaining it for a certain period of time.
After soaking annealing, 434 stainless steel needs to be cooled in air. This natural cooling helps stabilize the material's structure, giving it better mechanical properties and corrosion resistance.
It is important to note that temperature and time are controlled during the annealing process to ensure the desired properties and structure are achieved. At the same time, annealed 434 stainless steel may also require further processing or treatment to meet specific requirements and applications.

Hardening of 434 stainless steel:
434 stainless steel generally does not undergo significant phase transformation or hardening reactions during heat treatment. In contrast, much of the strength and hardness of 434 stainless steel is achieved through cold working or cold deformation. Through cold working, such as cold rolling, cold drawing or cold drawing, the grain structure of 434 stainless steel is deformed, increasing the hardness and strength of the material. This cold deformation process introduces dislocations and grain boundaries, limiting the ability of grains to slip and move.

Application fields of 434 stainless steel:
434 stainless steel has a wide range of applications in automotive trim applications and other exterior environments. Its superior corrosion resistance and mechanical properties make it an ideal choice in many fields.

The following are some common 434 stainless steel application areas:
Automotive decorative parts: 434 stainless steel is widely used in the exterior decoration of auto parts, such as body trim strips, door handles, body trim strips, etc.

Construction and building materials: 434 stainless steel is widely used in exterior decoration, facade materials, railings, door and window frames, etc. in the field of construction and building materials.

Electrical appliances and household items: 434 stainless steel is also used in electrical appliances and household items, such as kitchen utensils, stoves, sinks, washing machine tubs, etc.

Petroleum and chemical industry: Due to its good corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance, 434 stainless steel is widely used in pipelines, storage tanks, reactors and other equipment in the petroleum and chemical industry.

All in all, the application fields of 434 stainless steel cover many industries such as automobile, construction, electrical appliances and chemical industry.

GNEE Steel Group Co., Ltd. is located in Anyang City, Henan Province. It is one of the cold rolled galvanizing/stainless steel bases in China. Our factory covers an area of 80,000 square meters. We are one of the stainless steel product manufacturers in Henan.

Our main products include stainless steel plates/stainless steel pipes/stainless steel coils/cold rolled steel coils, cold rolled steel plates, galvanized steel coils, galvanized steel sheets, ppgi, ppgl, corrugated sheets, etc. Our company has the most advanced production equipment to ensure The most advantageous product quality. Complete varieties and favorable prices. Our company can customize various non-standard specifications and special material steel products on behalf of customers.